The Rock, Israel, and the Messiah
הצור – ישראל – והמשיח

The Rock, Israel, and the Messiah

הצור – ישראל – והמשיח  


The Rock is of such importance in Israel’s thinking that it was the one word that was chosen to bridge the gap between the religious and the secular framers of the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel in 1948.  It was decided that the Rock was the best word that could be chosen to create unity among the people of Israel.  One of the unique aspects of the Rock is that it is tangible, material in the physical non-spiritual realm, yet is also spiritual. These unique features and attributes are delineated and corroborated in the Tanach התנך .

This event it described in Wikipedia:


The second major issue was over the inclusion of God in the last section of the document, with the final draft of the using the phrase “and placing our trust in the Almighty”. The two rabbis, Shapira and Yehuda Leib Maimon, argued for its inclusion, saying that it could not be omitted, with Shapira supporting the wording “God of Israel” or “the Almighty and Redeemer of Israel”.[8] It was strongly opposed by Zisling, a member of the secularist Mapam. In the end the phrase “Rock of Israel” was used, which could be interpreted as either referring to God, or the land of Eretz Israel, Ben-Gurion saying “Each of us, in his own way, believes in the ‘Rock of Israel’ as he conceives it. I should like to make one request: Don’t let me put this phrase to a vote.” Although its use was still opposed by Zisling, the phrase was accepted without a vote.

Therefore the last paragraph of the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel declares:

“Placing our trust in the Rock of Israel, we affix our signatures to this proclamation…”

מתוך בטחון בצור ישראל הננו חותמים בחתימת ידינו לעדות על הכרזה זו…

This decision has great prophetic significance.

  1. HASHEM put it in their hearts and minds because this time Israel would never again be uprooted from the land of Israel ארץ ישראל, and scattered by HASHEM among the gentile nations.
  2. This time the Messiah המשיח will appear and war against the gentile nations.
  3. He will establish His kingdom, the kingdom of HASHEM, and sit upon the throne of David, ruling Israel and the entire earth.
  4. This event will occur in the midst of the last war.
  5. The establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 ushered in the period of the appearing and the return of the Messiah of Israel המשיח ישראל.

So now the question arises as to WHY the word ROCK has such profound and great prophetic significance.

There are three primary words in Hebrew for ROCK, and each one refers to the Messiah המשיח, and the past, present, and future of Israel and the Jewish people.

These three words are found in the Tanach תמך. They are interconnected, bolster one another, and enlarge and expand the fundamental meaning and prophetic significance of the word “ROCK.”


1. TSUR  צור

This ROCK has certain attributes.  It is very hard like FLINT.  It first appears in the second book of the TORAH תורה Exodus שמות.  It appears in the wilderness of Rephidim.  More than a month after Israel had departed from the land of Egypt, the congregation entered into the valley of Rephidim, a fearful desolate desert wilderness.   Israel had no water and murmured against Moses because they were thirsty.  HASHEM gave the ROCK צור as the answer and solution to their complaint.  He told Moses to SMITE THE ROCK with the rod that Moses used to perform the miracles in Egypt.

“The people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moses, and they said, Why have you brought us up from Egypt to make me and my children and my livestock die of thirst?

Moses cried out to the Lord, saying, What shall I do for this people? Just a little longer and they will stone me!

And the Lord said to Moses, Pass before the people and take with you [some] of the elders of Israel, and take into your hand your staff, with which you struck the Nile, and go.

Behold, I shall stand there before you on the rock in Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, and the people will drink.  Moses did so before the eyes of the elders of Israel.”

וַיִּצְמָ֨א שָׁ֤ם הָעָם֙ לַמַּ֔יִם וַיָּ֥לֶן הָעָ֖ם עַל־משֶׁ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר לָ֤מָּה זֶּה֙ הֶֽעֱלִיתָ֣נוּ מִמִּצְרַ֔יִם לְהָמִ֥ית אֹתִ֛י וְאֶת־בָּנַ֥י וְאֶת־מִקְנַ֖י בַּצָּמָֽא

וַיִּצְעַ֤ק משֶׁה֙ אֶל־יְהֹוָ֣ה לֵאמֹ֔ר מָ֥ה אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֖ה לָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֑ה ע֥וֹד מְעַ֖ט וּסְקָלֻֽנִי

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהֹוָ֜ה אֶל־משֶׁ֗ה עֲבֹר֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הָעָ֔ם וְקַ֥ח אִתְּךָ֖ מִזִּקְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וּמַטְּךָ֗ אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִכִּ֤יתָ בּוֹ֙ אֶת־הַיְאֹ֔ר קַ֥ח בְּיָֽדְךָ֖ וְהָלָֽכְתָּ

הִנְנִ֣י עֹמֵד֩ לְפָנֶ֨יךָ שָּׁ֥ם עַל־הַצּוּר֘ בְּחֹרֵב֒ וְהִכִּ֣יתָ בַצּ֗וּר וְיָֽצְא֥וּ מִמֶּ֛נּוּ מַ֖יִם וְשָׁתָ֣ה הָעָ֑ם וַיַּ֤עַשׂ כֵּן֙ משֶׁ֔ה לְעֵינֵ֖י זִקְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל

Exodus 17:3-6  שמות יז:ג-ו

This FLINTY ROCK is the Messiah of Israel המשיח של ישראל.  He had to be smitten in order to deliver us from the dryness and the desolation of sin.

The Prophet Isaiah makes this clear:

“I gave my back to smiters and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I did not hide my face from shame and spitting.

But the Lord God helps me, therefore, I was not confounded; therefore, I made my face like flint, and I knew that I would not be ashamed.”

גֵּוִי֙ נָתַ֣תִּי לְמַכִּ֔ים וּלְחָיַ֖י לְמֹֽרְטִ֑ים פָּנַי֙ לֹ֣א הִסְתַּ֔רְתִּי מִכְּלִמּ֖וֹת וָרֹֽק

וַֽאדֹנָ֚י יֱהֹוִה֙ יַֽעֲזָר־לִ֔י עַל־כֵּ֖ן לֹ֣א נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי עַל־כֵּ֞ן שַׂ֚מְתִּי פָנַי֙ כַּֽחַלָּמִ֔ישׁ וָֽאֵדַ֖ע כִּי־לֹ֥א אֵבֽוֹשׁ

Isaiah 50:6-7  ישעיה נ:ו-ז

“Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed.

But he was painfully wounded because of our transgressions, crushed because of our iniquities; the chastisement of our welfare and peace was upon him, and with his stripes and wounds we were healed.

We all went astray like sheep, we have turned, each one to his own way, and the Lord has smitten him with the iniquity of us all.”

אָכֵ֚ן חֳלָיֵ֙נוּ֙ ה֣וּא נָשָׂ֔א וּמַכְאֹבֵ֖ינוּ סְבָלָ֑ם וַֽאֲנַ֣חְנוּ חֲשַׁבְנֻ֔הוּ נָג֛וּעַ מֻכֵּ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים וּמְעֻנֶּֽה

וְהוּא֙ מְחֹלָ֣ל מִפְּשָׁעֵ֔נוּ מְדֻכָּ֖א מֵֽעֲוֹֽנוֹתֵ֑ינוּ מוּסַ֚ר שְׁלוֹמֵ֙נוּ֙ עָלָ֔יו וּבַֽחֲבֻֽרָת֖וֹ נִרְפָּא־לָֽנוּ

כֻּלָּ֙נוּ֙ כַּצֹּ֣אן תָּעִ֔ינוּ אִ֥ישׁ לְדַרְכּ֖וֹ פָּנִ֑ינוּ וַֽיהֹוָה֙ הִפְגִּ֣יעַ בּ֔וֹ אֵ֖ת עֲו‍ֹ֥ן כֻּלָּֽנוּ

Isaiah 53:4-6  ישעיה נג:ד-ו

This smiting of the ROCK  צורwas commanded by HASHEM so that the waters of eternal life would flow out to us.  We can drink of its abundance and be delivered from the death and desolation that is in this present world because of wickedness and corruption and sin.

The Messiah המשיח said the following proclamation:

“Now on the last day, the great [day] of the feast, Yeshua ישוע stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me and drink.

He who believes on me, as the Torah has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.”

וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הָאַחֲרוֹן הַגָּדוֹל בֶּחָג וַיַּעֲמֹד יֵשׁוּעַ וַיִּקְרָא הוֹי כָּל־צָמֵא לְכוּ אֵלַי וּשְׁתוּ

הַמַּאֲמִין בִּי כִּדְבַר הַכָּתוּב בתורה. מִקִּרְבּוֹ יִזְּלוּ נַחֲלֵי מַיִם חַיִּים

And again the Messiah  המשיח says:

“All who drink of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst but the water that I shall give him shall become in him a well of water springing up into eternal life.”

וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁתֶּה מִן־הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן לוֹ לֹא יִצְמָא לְעוֹלָם כִּי הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן יִהְיוּ בוֹ לִמְקוֹר מַיִם נֹבְעִים לְחַיֵּי עוֹלָם

Moses משה reiterates and confirms the ROCK הצור  to be FLINT   חלמיש in the Torah, and the prophet in the Psalms confirms the abundance of water that HASHEM provided through the ROCK while Israel was in the wilderness.

“Who led you through that great and awesome desert, [in which were] snakes, vipers and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water; who brought water for you out of ROCK of FLINT,”

הַמּוֹלִ֨יכְךָ֜ בַּמִּדְבָּ֣ר הַגָּדֹ֣ל וְהַנּוֹרָ֗א נָחָ֤שׁ שָׂרָף֙ וְעַקְרָ֔ב וְצִמָּא֖וֹן אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֵֽין־מָ֑יִם הַמּוֹצִ֤יא לְךָ֙  מַ֔יִם מִצּ֖וּר הַֽחַלָּמִֽישׁ

Deuteronomy 8:15  דברים ח:טו

“From before the Master, Who created the earth, from before the God of Jacob,

Who transforms the rock into a lake of water, the FLINT חלמיש into a fountain of water.”

מִלִּפְנֵ֣י אָ֖דוֹן ח֣וּלִי אָ֑רֶץ מִ֜לִּפְנֵ֗י אֱל֣וֹהַּ יַֽעֲקֹֽב

הַהֹֽפְכִ֣י הַ֖צּוּר אֲגַם־מָ֑יִם חַ֜לָּמִ֗ישׁ לְמַעְיְנוֹ־מָֽיִם

Psalm 114:7-8  תהילים קיד:ז-ח

Moses משה also confirms the ROCK to the name of the Messiah Yeshua המשיח ישוע.

“And Jeshurun became fat and rebelled; you grew fat, thick and rotund; [Israel] forsook the God Who made them, and spurned the [Mighty] Rock  their Yeshua salvation.”

וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ן יְשֻׁרוּן֙ וַיִּבְעָ֔ט שָׁמַ֖נְתָּ עָבִ֣יתָ כָּשִׂ֑יתָ וַיִּטּשׁ֙ אֱל֣וֹהַּ עָשָׂ֔הוּ וַיְנַבֵּ֖ל צ֥וּר יְשֻֽׁעָתֽוֹ

Deuteronomy 32:15  דברים לב:ףטו

The ROCK הצור also acted as defense for the tribes of Israel as they journeyed from place to place in the wilderness.  It followed them and protected them from enemy attacks from behind.  It was Israel’s rear guard or rear reward.

In the valley of Rephidim, after the congregation had been introduced to the ROCK, they resumed their journey to Sinai, but Amalek attacked suddenly, launching a sneak attack from the rear.

The ROCK was instrumental in repelling the attack, minimizing the damage, and giving time for Joshua יהושע to win the battle.  David דוד speaks about the ability of the ROCK to instruct in war.

“Blessed is the Lord, my Rock, Who trains my hands for battle, my fingers for war.”

בָּ֘ר֚וּךְ יְהֹוָ֨ה  צוּרִ֗י הַֽמְלַמֵּ֣ד יָדַ֣י לַקְרָ֑ב אֶ֜צְבְּעוֹתַ֗י לַמִּלְחָמָֽה

Psalm 144:1-2   תהלים קמד:א-ב

The ROCK הצור also had the unique ability to bring forth oil for beauty, health, healing, and anointing.  Moses משה testifies to this fact.

“He made them ride upon the high places of the earth, that they would eat the produce of the field. He let them suck honey from a rock, and oil from the mighty part of the ROCK OF FLINT.”

יַרְכִּבֵ֨הוּ֙ עַל־בָּ֣מֳתֵי (כתיב על־במותי) אָ֔רֶץ וַיֹּאכַ֖ל תְּנוּבֹ֣ת שָׂדָ֑י וַיֵּֽנִקֵ֤הוּ דְבַשׁ֙ מִסֶּ֔לַע וְשֶׁ֖מֶן מֵֽחַלְמִ֥ישׁ צֽוּר

Deuteronomy 32:13   דברים לב:יג

Job testifies about the oil.

“When I washed my feet with butter, and the rock that was with me would pour forth rivulets of oil;”

בִּרְחֹ֣ץ הֲלִיכַ֣י בְּחֵמָ֑ה וְצ֥וּר יָצ֥וּק עִ֜מָּדִ֗י פַּלְגֵי־שָֽׁמֶן

Job: 29:6   יוב בט:ו

The ROCK הצור could SPEAK, and it would give out honey as it taught the sweetness of the Torahתורה .

“The Spirit of the Lord spoke in me, And His word was upon my tongue.

The God of Israel said, concerning me spoke the Rock of Israel; “A ruler over men shall be the righteous (man), he that rules in the fear of God.”

ר֥וּחַ יְהֹוָ֖ה דִּבֶּר־בִּ֑י וּמִלָּת֖וֹ עַל־לְשׁוֹנִֽי

אָמַר֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לִ֥י דִבֶּ֖ר צ֣וּר יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל

מוֹשֵׁל֙ בָּאָדָ֔ם צַדִּ֕יק מוֹשֵׁ֖ל יִרְאַ֥ת אֱלֹהִֽים

II Samuel 23:2-3  שמואל ב בג:ב-ג

“Then He would feed them with the fat of wheat and I would satisfy you with honey from a rock.”

וַיַּֽאֲכִילֵהוּ מֵחֵ֣לֶב חִטָּ֑ה וּ֜מִצּ֗וּר דְּבַ֣שׁ אַשְׂבִּיעֶֽךָּ

Psalm 81:17   תהילים פא:יז


2.  SELA   סלע

The second Hebrew word for ROCK  Sela  סלע does not appear in the Torah תורה until the fourth book, the book of Numbers במדבר.  Moses and the whole congregation of Israel come into the wilderness of Zin מדבר צין.  Miriam dies there in Kadeshקדש , and the ROCK–הצורthe Messiah-המשיח stops giving them water.

“The entire congregation of the children of Israel arrived at the desert of Zin in the first month, and the people settled in Kadesh. Miriam died there and was buried there.

The congregation had no water; so they assembled against Moses and Aaron.”

וַיָּבֹ֣אוּ בְנֵֽי־יִ֠שְׂרָאֵ֠ל כָּל־הָ֨עֵדָ֤ה מִדְבַּר־צִן֙ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָֽרִאשׁ֔וֹן וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב הָעָ֖ם בְּקָדֵ֑שׁ וַתָּ֤מָת שָׁם֙ מִרְיָ֔ם וַתִּקָּבֵ֖ר שָֽׁם

וְלֹא־הָ֥יָה מַ֖יִם לָֽעֵדָ֑ה וַיִּקָּ֣הֲל֔וּ עַל־משֶׁ֖ה וְעַל־אַהֲרֹֽן

Numbers 20:1-2  במדבר כ:א-ב

Why does the ROCK –THE TSUR—THE MESSIAH המשיח -הצור after following the camp of Israel and keeping them alive for forty years in their wanderings in the wilderness, all of a sudden stop giving them water?  And why does He change His name from TSUR צור to SELA סלע?

The generation that came out of Egypt מצרים, from twenty years old and upward, had almost all died in the wilderness.  Miriam מרים was one of the last ones to die.

Now the congregation of Israel was a second generation, composed mostly of those who had been born in the wilderness, and had never known the labors of the slavery in Egypt.  They were the ones who were going to go into battle and conquer the promised land. The ROCK-the Messiah-now had to change His name from TSUR צור to SELA סלע, and become a FORTRESS to Israel in battle.

Then Moses was instructed by HASHEM  to SPEAK to the ROCK סלע, and not strike it as HASHEM  had previously instructed him to strike the TSUR צור.  This is because the Messiah Yeshua ישוע המשיח was stricken ONCE for the iniquities of Israel, but NEVER A SECOND TIME.  Now that he is exalted at the right hand of HASHEM, all that Israel has to do is to SPEAK to him, and the waters of life will flow out to them. This is true individually and collectively.

This is all inextricably connected to the atonement and redemption:

“And according to the Torah, almost all things are cleansed with blood, and apart from shedding of blood there is no remission.

It was necessary therefore that the copies or pattern of the things in the heavens should be cleansed and purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

For the Messiahהמשיח  entered not into the Holy Placeקודש הקודשים  made with hands, which was a pattern of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear before the face of God for us:

nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entered into the Holy Placeקודש הקודשים  year by year with blood of others;

For then he must often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once at the end of the ages hath he been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

And as it is appointed unto men once to die, and after this the judgment;

so the Messiahהמשיח  also, having been once offered to remove the sins of many, shall appear a second time to those who look for him, without sin to salvation.”

וְכִמְעַט הַכּׂל יְטֻהַר בַּדָּם עַל־פִּי הַתּוֹרָה וְאֵין כַּפָּרָה בְּלא־שְׁפִיכַת דָּם

לָכֵן בתבנית הַדְּבָרִים שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם צְרִיכִים שֶׁיִּטָּהֲרוּ בָאֵלֶּה וְהַדְּבָרִים שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם בְּעַצְמָם צְרִיכִים שֶׁיִּטָּהֲרוּ בִּזְבָחִים טוֹבִים מֵאֵלֶּה

כִּי הַמָּשִׁיחַ לא־בָא אֶל־הַקּודֶשׁ הַנַּעֲשֶׂה בִּידֵי אָדָם שֶׁהוּא רַק־דְּמוּת הָאֲמִתִּי כִּי אִם־בָּא אֶל־עֶצֶם הַשָּׁמַיִם לֵרָאוֹת עַתָּה בַעֲדֵנוּ אֶת־פְּנֵי הָאֱלהִים

אַף־לא לְהַקְרִיב אֶת־נַפְשׁוֹ פְּעָמִים רַבּוֹת כַּכּהֵן הַגָּדוֹל אֲשֶׁר־בָּא שָׁנָה בְּשָׁנָה אֶל־הַקּודֶשׁ בְּדַם אֲחֵרִים

כִּי אִם־כֵּן הֲלא הָיָה־לוֹ לֵעָנוֹת פְּעָמִים רַבּוֹת מֵיסוד הָעוֹלָם וְעַתָּה בְּקֵץ הָימים נִגְלָה בְּפַעַם אַחַת כְּדֵי־לְהשמיד אֶת־הַחֵטְא בְּזֶבַח נַפְשׁוֹ

וְכַאֲשֶׁר נִגְזַר עַל־בְּנֵי אָדָם לָמוּת פַּעַם אֶחָת וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן הַמִּשְׁפָּט

כֵּן־הֻקְרַב הַמָּשִׁיחַ פַּעַם אַחַת לָשֵׂאת חֵטְא רַבִּים וּפַעַם שֵׁנִית יֵרָאֶה בְלִי־חֵטְא לִישׁוּעָה לַמְחַכִּים לוֹ

Again it is further confirmed and emphasized:

“By the will of HASHEM we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Yeshua the Messiah ישוע המשיח once for all.

And every priest indeed stood day by day ministering and offering oftent the same sacrifices which can never take away sins:

but Yeshua ישוע, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God;

From that time forward expecting until his enemies be made his footstool.

For by one offering he hath perfected forever those who are sanctified.

And the Holy Spirit  רוח הקודש also bears witness to us; for after He has said,

“This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, says the Lord: I will put my lawsתורתי  on their heart, And upon their mind also will I write them;

And their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.”

וּבָרָצוֹן הַזֶּה מְקֻדָּשִׁים אֲנַחְנוּ עַל־יְדֵי הַקְרָבַת קָרְבַּן גּוּפוֹ שֶׁל־יֵשׁוּעַ הַמָּשִׁיחַ בְּפַעַם אֶחָת

וְכָל־כּהֵן עומֵד יוֹם יוֹם לְשָׁרֵת וּמוֹסִיף פְּעָמִים רַבּוֹת לְהַקְרִיב הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת הָהֵמָּה אֲשֶׁר לׂא־יוּכְלוּ לְעוֹלָם לְהַעֲבִיר חֲטָאִים

וְהוּא אַחֲרֵי הַקְרִיבוֹ זֶבַח אֶחָד עַל־הַחֲטָאִים יָשַׁב לִימִין הָאֱלהִים לָנֶצַח

וּמֵאָז יְחַכֶּה עַד כִּי־יוּשְׁתוּ אויְבָיו הֲדום לְרַגְלָיו

כִּי הוּא בְּקָרְבָּן אֶחָד הִשְׁלִים לָנֶצַח אֶת־הַמְקֻדָּשִׁים

וְאַף־רוּחַ הַקּודֶשׁ מֵעִיד לָנוּ עַל־זאת כִּי אַחֲרֵי אָמְרוֹ

זאת הַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר אֶכְרות אִתָּם אַחֲרֵי הַיָּמִים הָהֵם אָמַר יְהוָֹה נָתַתִּי אֶת־תּוֹרָתִי בְּקִרְבָּם וְעַל־לִבָּם אֶכְתֳבֶנָּה

וְלַעֲוֹנָם וּלְחַטָּאתָם לא אֶזְכָּר־עוֹד

Jeremiah 31:33-34   ירמיה לא:לג-לד

Moses and Aaron transgressed this Word by smiting the ROCK סלע a second time, instead of speaking to it as HASHEM had commanded them.

Therefore HASHEM punished them.

“The congregation had no water; so they assembled against Moses and Aaron. The people quarreled with Moses, and they said, “If only we had died with the death of our brothers before the Lord.

Why have you brought the congregation of the Lord to this desert so that we and our livestock should die there? Why have you taken us out of Egypt to bring us to this evil place; it is not a place for seeds, or for fig trees, grapevines, or pomegranate trees, and there is no water to drink.”

Moses and Aaron moved away from the assembly to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and they fell on their faces. [Then] the glory of the Lord appeared to them.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:

“Take the staff and assemble the congregation, you and your brother Aaron, and speak to the rock in their presence so that it will give forth its water. You shall bring forth water for them from the rock and give the congregation and their livestock to drink.”

Moses took the staff from before the Lord as He had commanded him.

Moses and Aaron assembled the congregation in front of the rock, and he said to them, “Now listen, you rebels, can we draw water for you from this rock?”

Moses raised his hand and struck the rock with his staff twice, when an abundance of water gushed forth, and the congregation and their livestock drank.

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Since you did not have faith in Me to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly to the Land which I have given them.”

וְלֹא־הָ֥יָה מַ֖יִם לָֽעֵדָ֑ה וַיִּקָּ֣הֲל֔וּ עַל־משֶׁ֖ה וְעַל־אַהֲרֹֽן

וַיָּ֥רֶב הָעָ֖ם עִם־משֶׁ֑ה וַיֹּֽאמְר֣וּ לֵאמֹ֔ר וְל֥וּ גָוַ֛עְנוּ בִּגְוַ֥ע אַחֵ֖ינוּ לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה

וְלָמָ֤ה הֲבֵאתֶם֙ אֶת־קְהַ֣ל יְהֹוָ֔ה אֶל־הַמִּדְבָּ֖ר הַזֶּ֑ה לָמ֣וּת שָׁ֔ם אֲנַ֖חְנוּ וּבְעִירֵֽנוּ

וְלָמָ֤ה הֶֽעֱלִיתֻ֨נוּ֙ מִמִּצְרַ֔יִם לְהָבִ֣יא אֹתָ֔נוּ אֶל־הַמָּק֥וֹם הָרָ֖ע הַזֶּ֑ה לֹ֣א מְק֣וֹם זֶ֗רַע וּתְאֵנָ֤ה וְגֶ֨פֶן֙ וְרִמּ֔וֹן וּמַ֥יִם אַ֖יִן לִשְׁתּֽוֹת

וַיָּבֹא֩ משֶׁ֨ה וְאַֽהֲרֹ֜ן מִפְּנֵ֣י הַקָּהָ֗ל אֶל־פֶּ֨תַח֙ אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֔ד וַיִּפְּל֖וּ עַל־פְּנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיֵּרָ֥א כְבוֹד־יְהֹוָ֖ה אֲלֵיהֶֽם

וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר

קַ֣ח אֶת־הַמַּטֶּ֗ה וְהַקְהֵ֤ל אֶת־הָֽעֵדָה֙ אַתָּה֙ וְאַֽהֲרֹ֣ן אָחִ֔יךָ וְדִבַּרְתֶּ֧ם אֶל־הַסֶּ֛לַע לְעֵֽינֵיהֶ֖ם וְנָתַ֣ן מֵימָ֑יו וְהֽוֹצֵאתָ֙ לָהֶ֥ם מַ֨יִם֙ מִן־הַסֶּ֔לַע וְהִשְׁקִיתָ֥ אֶת־הָֽעֵדָ֖ה וְאֶת־בְּעִירָֽם

וַיִּקַּ֥ח משֶׁ֛ה אֶת־הַמַּטֶּ֖ה מִלִּפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֑ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר צִוָּֽהוּ

וַיַּקְהִ֜לוּ משֶׁ֧ה וְאַֽהֲרֹ֛ן אֶת־הַקָּהָ֖ל אֶל־פְּנֵ֣י הַסָּ֑לַע וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֗ם שִׁמְעוּ־נָא֙ הַמֹּרִ֔ים הֲמִן־הַסֶּ֣לַע הַזֶּ֔ה נוֹצִ֥יא לָכֶ֖ם מָֽיִם

וַיָּ֨רֶם משֶׁ֜ה אֶת־יָד֗וֹ וַיַּ֧ךְ אֶת־הַסֶּ֛לַע בְּמַטֵּ֖הוּ פַּֽעֲמָ֑יִם וַיֵּֽצְאוּ֙ מַ֣יִם רַבִּ֔ים וַתֵּ֥שְׁתְּ הָֽעֵדָ֖ה וּבְעִירָֽם

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהֹוָה֘ אֶל־משֶׁ֣ה וְאֶל־אַֽהֲרֹן֒ יַ֚עַן לֹא־הֶֽאֱמַנְתֶּ֣ם בִּ֔י לְהַ֨קְדִּישֵׁ֔נִי לְעֵינֵ֖י בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל לָכֵ֗ן לֹ֤א תָבִ֨יאוּ֙ אֶת־הַקָּהָ֣ל הַזֶּ֔ה אֶל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥תִּי לָהֶֽם

Numbers 20:2-12  במדבר כ:ב-יב

In spite of the disobedience of Moses and Aaron, HASHEM, in His great mercyרב חסד  toward Israelישראל , caused an abundance of water to flow out of the ROCK  HaSELAH  הסלע.  This is confirmed by the Psalmist:

“He drew flowing water from a rock and brought down water like rivers.”

וַיּוֹצִ֣א נֽוֹזְלִ֣ים מִסָּ֑לַע וַיּ֖וֹרֶד כַּנְּהָר֣וֹת מָֽיִם

Psalm 78:16  תהלים עח:טז

Any Jew can speak to the Messiah Yeshua who is now in his resurrected and exalted position at the right hand of HASHEM, and HASHEM will pour out upon him the abundant waters of eternal life.  He is a bulwark fortress and defense, an enabler and empowerer in the battles against the enemy.

In Nehemiah נחמיה the seven Levites in their prayer of repentance and praise to HASHEM also confirm the fact.

“And bread from heaven You gave them for their hunger, and You took water out of a rock for them for their thirst, and You said to them to come to inherit the land that You raised Your hand to give them.”

וְ֠לֶחֶם מִשָּׁמַ֜יִם נָתַ֚תָּה לָהֶם֙ לִרְעָבָ֔ם וּמַ֗יִם מִסֶּ֛לַע הוֹצֵ֥אתָ לָהֶ֖ם לִצְמָאָ֑ם וַתֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֗ם לָבוֹא֙ לָרֶ֣שֶׁת אֶת־הָאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־נָשָׂ֥אתָ אֶת־יָֽדְךָ֖ לָתֵ֥ת לָהֶֽם

Nehemiah 9:15  נחמיה ט:טו


 Moses משה knew that the ROCK SELA סלע followed Israel in all their battles with the Amorite kings who were east of the Jordan.  The ROCK Sela the Messiah הסלע המשיח  was their fortress in the battles against the giant kings, Sihon, king of Heshbon, and Og, king of Bashan, helping Israel conquer them, their armies, their lands and their cities, and take them for a spoil and a possession.

Moses משה also knew the attributes of the ROCK SELA סלע  were like the attributes of the ROCK TSUR צור – the attributes of the Messiah Yeshua המשיח ישוע.  From both of these you suck honey, and taste the sweetness of the Torah תורה.

“He made them (Israel) ride upon the high places of the earth, that they would eat the produce of the field. He caused them to suck honey from the rock (Sela), and oil from the flinty rock.”.

אָ֔רֶץ יַרְכִּבֵ֨הוּ֙ עַל־בָּ֣מֳתֵי

וַיֹּאכַ֖ל תְּנוּבֹ֣ת שָׂדָ֑י

וַיֵּֽנִקֵ֤הוּ דְבַשׁ֙ מִסֶּ֔לַע

וְשֶׁ֖מֶן מֵֽחַלְמִ֥ישׁ צֽוּר

Deuteronomy 32:13  דברים לב:יג


David the king דוד המלך also knew the strength and security that HASHEM provided through the ROCK סלע in the day of battle. He sings:

“And he said, “I love You, O Lord, my strength.

O Lord, my rock and my fortress and my rescuer;”

וַיֹּאמַ֡ר אֶרְחָֽמְךָ֖ יְהֹוָ֣ה חִזְקִֽי

יְהֹוָה֘ סַֽלְעִ֥י וּמְצֽוּדָתִ֗י וּמְפַ֫לְטִ֥י

Psalm 18:2-3  תהלים יח:ב-ג

“And He drew me up out of the roaring pit, from the thick mire, and He set my feet upon a rockסלע , He established my steps.

He put a new song into my mouth, a praise to our God, so that many may see and fear, and trust in the Lord.”

וַיַּ֚עֲלֵ֨נִי מִבּ֥וֹר שָׁאוֹן֘ מִטִּ֪יט הַיָּוֵ֥ן וַיָּ֖קֶם עַל־סֶ֥לַע רַ֜גְלָ֗י כּוֹנֵ֥ן אֲשֻׁרָֽי

וַיִּתֵּ֬ן בְּפִ֨י שִׁ֥יר חָדָשׁ֘ תְּהִלָּ֪ה לֵֽאלֹ֫הֵ֥ינוּ יִרְא֣וּ רַבִּ֣ים וְיִירָ֑אוּ וְ֜יִבְטְח֗וּ בַּֽיהֹוָֽה

Psalm 40:3-4  תהלים מ:ג-ד


The Prophet Isaiah also extols the refuge of the ROCK סלע:

“Behold for righteousness shall a king reign, and over princes who rule with justice.

And the man shall be as a hiding- place from the wind and a shelter from the rain, as rivulets of water in an arid land, as the shade of a great rock in a weary land.”

הֵ֥ן לְצֶ֖דֶק יִמְלָךְ־מֶ֑לֶךְ וּלְשָׂרִ֖ים לְמִשְׁפָּ֥ט יָשֽׂרוּ

וְהָֽיָה־אִ֥ישׁ כְּמַֽחֲבֵא־ר֖וּחַ וְסֵ֣תֶר זָ֑רֶם כְּפַלְגֵי־מַ֣יִם בְּצָי֔וֹן כְּצֵ֥ל סלַע־כָּבֵ֖ד בְּאֶ֥רֶץ עֲיֵפָֽה

Isaiah 32:1-2  ישעיה לב:א-ב

“The desert and its cities shall raise [their voice]; Kedar shall be inhabited with villages; the dwellers in the rock shall exult, from the mountain peaks they shall shout.

They shall give glory to the Lord, and they shall tell His praise on the islands”

יִשְׂא֚וּ מִדְבָּר֙ וְעָרָ֔יו חֲצֵרִ֖ים תֵּשֵׁ֣ב קֵדָ֑ר יָרֹ֙נּוּ֙ י֣שְׁבֵי סֶ֔לַע מֵרֹ֥אשׁ הָרִ֖ים יִצְוָֽחוּ

יָשִׂ֥ימוּ לַֽיהֹוָ֖ה כָּב֑וֹד וּתְהִלָּת֖וֹ בָּֽאִיִּ֥ים יַגִּֽידוּ

Isaiah 42:11-12  ישעיה מב:יא-יב


              3.   Even אבן       

The third Hebrew word for ROCK אבן (sometimes translated stone) appears in Genesis בראשית.  It has four major uses or essences.   These essences are interconnected, and work together to form a fabric which is the beautiful creation of HASHEM.  In this context they all refer to Messiah Ben David משיח בן דוד.  In actuality, they represent Messiah Ben David משיח בן דוד  These four uses or essences are first: a foundation, second: an altar; third: worship, and fourth: the kingdom of HASHEM.

These four uses or essences of ROCK EVEN אבן are revealed in the Tanach תנך They begin with Israel.  In the first book of the Torahתורה , Jacob יעקוב leaves Beersheva, fleeing from his brother Esau.  He is journeying toward Padan Aram in order to take a wife.  In the evening he comes to a certain place which is Bethel בית אל.  He takes a ROCK אבן for a pillow, and he lays down with his head resting on the ROCK אבן. When he is sleeping with his head resting on the ROCK אבן, HASHEM appears to him in a dream.

“And Jacob listened to his father and his mother, and he went to Padan Aram פדן ארם.

And Jacob left Beersheba, and he went to Haran.

And he arrived at the place and lodged there because the sun had set, and he took one of the Rocks of the place and placed it under his head, and he lay down in that place.

And he dreamed, and behold! a ladder set up on the ground and its top reached to heaven; and behold, angels of God were ascending and descending upon it.

And behold, the Lord was standing over him, and He said, “I am the Lord, the God of Abraham your father, and the God of Isaac; the land upon which you are lying to you I will give it and to your seed.

And your seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and you shall gain strength westward and eastward and northward and southward; and through you shall be blessed all the families of the earth and through your seed.

And behold, I am with you, and I will guard you wherever you go, and I will restore you to this land, for I will not forsake you until I have done what I have spoken concerning you.”

And Jacob awakened from his sleep, and he said, “Indeed, the Lord is in this place, and I did not know [it].”

And he was frightened, and he said, “How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.”

וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב אֶל־אָבִ֖יו וְאֶל־אִמּ֑וֹ וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָֽם

וַיֵּצֵ֥א יַֽעֲקֹ֖ב מִבְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ חָרָֽנָה

וַיִּפְגַּ֨ע בַּמָּק֜וֹם וַיָּ֤לֶן שָׁם֙ כִּי־בָ֣א הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ וַיִּקַּח֙ מֵֽאַבְנֵ֣י הַמָּק֔וֹם וַיָּ֖שֶׂם מְרַֽאֲשֹׁתָ֑יו וַיִּשְׁכַּ֖ב בַּמָּק֥וֹם הַהֽוּא

וַיַּֽחֲלֹ֗ם וְהִנֵּ֤ה סֻלָּם֙ מֻצָּ֣ב אַ֔רְצָה וְרֹאשׁ֖וֹ מַגִּ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמָ֑יְמָה וְהִנֵּה֙ מַלְאֲכֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֔ים עֹלִ֥ים וְיֹֽרְדִ֖ים בּֽוֹ

וְהִנֵּ֨ה יְהֹוָ֜ה נִצָּ֣ב עָלָיו֘ וַיֹּאמַר֒ אֲנִ֣י יְהֹוָ֗ה אֱלֹהֵי֙ אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֔יךָ וֵֽאלֹהֵ֖י יִצְחָ֑ק הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֤ר אַתָּה֙ שֹׁכֵ֣ב עָלֶ֔יהָ לְךָ֥ אֶתְּנֶ֖נָּה וּלְזַרְעֶֽךָ

וְהָיָ֤ה זַרְעֲךָ֙ כַּֽעֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ וּפָֽרַצְתָּ֛ יָ֥מָּה וָקֵ֖דְמָה וְצָפֹ֣נָה וָנֶ֑גְבָּה וְנִבְרְכ֥וּ בְךָ֛ כָּל־מִשְׁפְּחֹ֥ת הָֽאֲדָמָ֖ה וּבְזַרְעֶֽךָ

וְהִנֵּ֨ה אָֽנֹכִ֜י עִמָּ֗ךְ וּשְׁמַרְתִּ֨יךָ֙ בְּכֹ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־תֵּלֵ֔ךְ וַֽהֲשִׁ֣בֹתִ֔יךָ אֶל־הָֽאֲדָמָ֖ה הַזֹּ֑את כִּ֚י לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱזָבְךָ֔ עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִם־עָשִׂ֔יתִי אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי לָֽךְ

וַיִּיקַ֣ץ יַֽעֲקֹב֘ מִשְּׁנָתוֹ֒ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אָכֵן֙ יֵ֣שׁ יְהֹוָ֔ה בַּמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה וְאָֽנֹכִ֖י לֹ֥א יָדָֽעְתִּי

וַיִּירָא֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר מַה־נּוֹרָ֖א הַמָּק֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה אֵ֣ין זֶ֗ה כִּ֚י אִם־בֵּ֣ית אֱלֹהִ֔ים וְזֶ֖ה שַׁ֥עַר הַשָּׁמָֽיִם

Genesis 28:7-17  בראשית בח:ז-יז

Jacob יעקוב then takes the ROCK אבן on which his head had rested during the dream, and made an altar with it, and worshipped HASHEM.

“And Jacob arose early in the morning, and he took the ROCK אבן that he had placed under his head, and he set it up as a monument, and he poured oil on top of it.

And he named the place Beth El, but Luz was originally the name of the city.”

וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם יַֽעֲקֹ֜ב בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַיִּקַּ֤ח אֶת־הָאֶ֨בֶן֙ אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֣ם מְרַֽאֲשֹׁתָ֔יו וַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֹתָ֖הּ מַצֵּבָ֑ה וַיִּצֹ֥ק שֶׁ֖מֶן עַל־רֹאשָֽׁהּ

וַיִּקְרָ֛א אֶת־שֵֽׁם־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל וְאוּלָ֛ם ל֥וּז שֵֽׁם־הָעִ֖יר לָרִֽאשֹׁנָֽה

Genesis 28:18-19  בראשית בח:יח-יט

Jacob יעקוב identifies the ROCK אבן as the Messiah המשיח later in his prophecy:

“But his bow was strongly established, and his arms were guided from the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob; from there the shepherd, the rock of Israel.”

וַתֵּ֤שֶׁב בְּאֵיתָן֙ קַשְׁתּ֔וֹ וַיָּפֹ֖זּוּ זְרֹעֵ֣י יָדָ֑יו מִידֵי֙ אֲבִ֣יר יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב

 מִשָּׁ֥ם רֹעֶ֖ה אֶ֥בֶן יִשְׂרָאֵֽל

Genesis 49:24   בראשית מט:כד

The Messiah Yeshua המשיח ישוע refers to Jacob יעקוב as Yeshua  ישוע is about to launch his campaign to reveal the kingdom of G-d מלכות אלהים:

“Philip finds Nathanel, and says to him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the Torah, and the prophets, wrote, Yeshua of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.

And Nathanael says to him, Can any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip says to him, Come and see.

Yeshua sees Nathanel coming to him, and says of him, Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile

Nathanel says to him, From where do you know me? Yeshua answers and says to him, Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.

Nathanel answers him, Rabbi, you are the Son of G-d; thou art King of Israel.

 Yeshua answers and says to him, Because I said to you, I saw you underneath the fig tree, you believe?  You shall see greater things than these!

And he says to him,” Truly, truly, I say to you, You shall see the heaven opened, and the angels of G-d ascending and descending upon the Son of man.”

וַיִּמְצָא פִּילִפּוֹס אֶת־נְתַנְאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו מָצָאנוּ אֹתוֹ אֲשֶׁר כָּתַב עָלָיו מֹשֶׁה בַּתּוֹרָה וְהַנְּבִיאִים אֶת־יֵשׁוּעַ בֶּן־יוֹסֵף מִנְּצָרֶת

וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו נְתַנְאֵל הֲכִי מִנְּצֶרֶת יָבֹא טוֹב וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו פִּילִפּוֹס בֹּא וּרְאֵה

וַיַּרְא יֵשׁוּעַ אֶת־נְתַנְאֵל בָּא לִקְרָאתוֹ וַיֹּאמֶר עָלָיו אוּלָם זֶה הוּא יִשְׂרְאֵלִי אֲשֶׁר אֵין־בּוֹ רְמִיָּה

וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו נְתַנְאֵל מֵאַיִן יָדַעְתָּ אֹתִי וַיַּעַן יֵשׁוּעַ וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו טֶרֶם קָרָא לְךָ פִּילִפּוֹס בִּהְיוֹתְךָ תַּחַת הַתְּאֵנָה רְאִיתִיךָ

וַיַּעַן אֹתוֹ נְתַנְאֵל רַבִּי אַתָּה הוּא בֶּן־הָאֱלֹהִים אַתָּה הוּא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל

וַיַּעַן יֵשׁוּעַ וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו יַעַן אֲשֶׁר הֶאֱמַנְתָּ בִּי בַּעֲבוּר אָמְרִי לְךָ תַּחַת הַתְּאֵנָה רְאִיתִיךָ לָכֵן גְּדֹלוֹת מֵאֵלֶּה תִּרְאֶה

וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אָמֵן אָמֵן אֲנִי אֹמֵר לָכֶם כִּי תִרְאוּ אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם פְּתוּחִים וּמַלְאֲכֵי אֱלֹהִים עֹלִים וְיֹרְדִים עַל בֶּן־הָאָדָם!


The ROCK אבן appears again in the second book of the Torahתורה .   Moses משה and Israel ישראל are fighting a battle against  Amalek.   Amalek has launched an unexpected sudden sneak attack against Israel to prevent Israel from receiving the revelation of HASHEM and the Torah תורה at Sinai.  Mosesמשה  needs a foundation to support him while fighting the battle, so he is given a ROCK אבן to sit on.  Aaronאהרון  and Hurחור  stand on either side and hold up his arms that hold up the rod.

“Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

So Moses said to Joshua, “Pick men for us, and go out and fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.”

Joshua did as Moses had told him, to fight against Amalek; then Moses, Aaron, and Hur ascended to the top of the hill.

It came to pass that when Moses would raise his hand, Israel would prevail, and when he would lay down his hand, Amalek would prevail.

Now Moses hands were heavy; so they took a ROCK אבן and placed it under him, and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one from this [side], and one from that [side]; so he was with his hands in faith until sunset.

Joshua weakened Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.”

וַיָּבֹ֖א עֲמָלֵ֑ק וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם עִם־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בִּרְפִידִֽם

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר משֶׁ֤ה אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֨עַ֙ בְּחַר־לָ֣נוּ אֲנָשִׁ֔ים וְצֵ֖א הִלָּחֵ֣ם בַּֽעֲמָלֵ֑ק מָחָ֗ר אָֽנֹכִ֤י נִצָּב֙ עַל־רֹ֣אשׁ הַגִּבְעָ֔ה וּמַטֵּ֥ה הָֽאֱלֹהִ֖ים בְּיָדִֽי

וַיַּ֣עַשׂ יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֤ר אָֽמַר־לוֹ֙ משֶׁ֔ה לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם בַּֽעֲמָלֵ֑ק וּמשֶׁה֙ אַֽהֲרֹ֣ן וְח֔וּר עָל֖וּ רֹ֥אשׁ הַגִּבְעָֽה

וְהָיָ֗ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֨ר יָרִ֥ים משֶׁ֛ה יָד֖וֹ וְגָבַ֣ר יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וְכַֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר יָנִ֛יחַ יָד֖וֹ וְגָבַ֥ר עֲמָלֵֽק

וִידֵ֤י משֶׁה֙ כְּבֵדִ֔ים וַיִּקְחוּ־אֶ֛בֶן וַיָּשִׂ֥ימוּ תַחְתָּ֖יו וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב עָלֶ֑יהָ וְאַֽהֲרֹ֨ן וְח֜וּר תָּֽמְכ֣וּ בְיָדָ֗יו מִזֶּ֤ה אֶחָד֙ וּמִזֶּ֣ה אֶחָ֔ד וַיְהִ֥י יָדָ֛יו אֱמוּנָ֖ה עַד־בֹּ֥א הַשָּֽׁמֶשׁ

וַיַּֽחֲל֧שׁ יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ אֶת־עֲמָלֵ֥ק וְאֶת־עַמּ֖וֹ לְפִי־חָֽרֶב

Exodus 17:8-13  שמות יז:ח-יג


When HASHEM gave the Torah תורה at Sinai, the ROCK אבן became the stones of the Urim and Thummim, and the twelve stones of the Breastplate חשן.

“And you shall take two shoham stones and engrave upon them the names of the sons of Israel.

Six of their names on one stone and the names of the remaining six on the second stone, according to their births.

Similar to the work of an engraver of gems, similar to the engravings of a seal, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel; you shall make them enclosed in gold settings.

And you shall put the two stones upon the shoulder straps of the ephod as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall carry their names before the Lord upon his two shoulders as a remembrance.”

וְלָ֣קַחְתָּ֔ אֶת־שְׁתֵּ֖י אַבְנֵי־שֹׁ֑הַם וּפִתַּחְתָּ֣ עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם שְׁמ֖וֹת בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל

שִׁשָּׁה֙ מִשְּׁמֹתָ֔ם עַ֖ל הָאֶ֣בֶן הָֽאֶחָ֑ת וְאֶת־שְׁמ֞וֹת הַשִּׁשָּׁ֧ה הַנּֽוֹתָרִ֛ים עַל־הָאֶ֥בֶן הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית כְּתֽוֹלְדֹתָֽם

מַֽעֲשֵׂ֣ה חָרַשׁ֘ אֶ֒בֶן֒ פִּתּוּחֵ֣י חֹתָ֗ם תְּפַתַּח֙ אֶת־שְׁתֵּ֣י הָֽאֲבָנִ֔ים עַל־שְׁמֹ֖ת בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל מֻֽסַבֹּ֛ת מִשְׁבְּצ֥וֹת זָהָ֖ב תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֥ה אֹתָֽם

וְשַׂמְתָּ֞ אֶת־שְׁתֵּ֣י הָֽאֲבָנִ֗ים עַ֚ל כִּתְפֹ֣ת הָֽאֵפֹ֔ד אַבְנֵ֥י זִכָּרֹ֖ן לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וְנָשָׂא֩ אַֽהֲרֹ֨ן אֶת־שְׁמוֹתָ֜ם לִפְנֵ֧י יְהֹוָ֛ה עַל־שְׁתֵּ֥י כְתֵפָ֖יו לְזִכָּרֹֽן

Exodus 28:9-12  שמות כח:ט-יב

“You shall make a choshenחשן  of judgment, the work of a master weaver. You shall make it like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, purple, and crimson wool, and twisted fine linen shall you make it.

It shall be square [and] doubled; its length one span and its width one span.

And you shall fill into it stone fillings, four rows of stones. One row: odem, pitdah, and bareketh; thus shall the one row be.

The second row: nofech, sappir, and yahalom.

The third row: leshem, shevo, and achlamah.

And the fourth row: tarshish, shoham, and yashpheh; they shall be set in gold in their fillings.

And the stones shall be for the names of the twelve sons of Israel, one name on each stone, corresponding to each tribe. The engravings are like the engravings of a seal.”

וְעָשִׂ֜יתָ ח֤שֶׁן מִשְׁפָּט֙ מַֽעֲשֵׂ֣ה חשֵׁ֔ב כְּמַֽעֲשֵׂ֥ה אֵפֹ֖ד תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֑נּוּ זָ֠הָ֠ב תְּכֵ֨לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֜ן וְתוֹלַ֧עַת שָׁנִ֛י וְשֵׁ֥שׁ מָשְׁזָ֖ר תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֥ה אֹתֽוֹ

רָב֥וּעַ יִֽהְיֶ֖ה כָּפ֑וּל זֶ֥רֶת אָרְכּ֖וֹ וְזֶ֥רֶת רָחְבּֽוֹ

וּמִלֵּאתָ֥ בוֹ֙ מִלֻּ֣אַת אֶ֔בֶן אַרְבָּעָ֖ה טוּרִ֣ים אָ֑בֶן ט֗וּר אֹ֤דֶם פִּטְדָה֙ וּבָרֶ֔קֶת הַטּ֖וּר הָֽאֶחָֽד

וְהַטּ֖וּר הַשֵּׁנִ֑י נֹ֥פֶךְ סַפִּ֖יר וְיָֽהֲלֹֽם

וְהַטּ֖וּר הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י לֶ֥שֶׁם שְׁב֖וֹ וְאַחְלָֽמָה

וְהַטּוּר֙ הָֽרְבִיעִ֔י תַּרְשִׁ֥ישׁ וְשֹׁ֖הַם וְיָֽשְׁפֵ֑ה מְשֻׁבָּצִ֥ים זָהָ֛ב יִֽהְי֖וּ בְּמִלּֽוּאֹתָֽם

אוְ֠הָֽאֲבָנִ֠ים תִּֽהְיֶ֜יןָ עַל־שְׁמֹ֧ת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל שְׁתֵּ֥ים עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה עַל־שְׁמֹתָ֑ם פִּתּוּחֵ֤י חוֹתָם֙ אִ֣ישׁ עַל־שְׁמ֔וֹ תִּֽהְיֶ֕יןָ לִשְׁנֵ֥י עָשָׂ֖ר שָֽׁבֶט

Exodus 28:15-21  שמות כח:טו-כא

When Joshua יהושע and Israel ישראל passed through the river Jordan הירדן, the ROCK changed from the SELAH סלע to the EVEN אבן.

“And Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem.

And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, and took a great stone, and set it under the doorpost which is in the sanctuary of the Lord.

And Joshua said to all the people, “Behold, this stone shall be a witness against us, for it has heard all the words of the Lord which He spoke to us; it shall be a witness against you, lest you deny your God.”

וַיִּכְרֹ֨ת יְהוֹשֻׁ֧עַ בְּרִ֛ית לָעָ֖ם בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֑וּא וַיָּ֥שֶׂם ל֛וֹ חֹ֥ק וּמִשְׁפָּ֖ט בִּשְׁכֶֽם

וַיִּכְתֹּ֚ב יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ אֶת־הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה בְּסֵ֖פֶר תּוֹרַ֣ת אֱלֹהִ֑ים וַיִּקַּח֙ אֶ֣בֶן גְּדוֹלָ֔ה וַיְקִימֶ֣הָ שָּׁ֔ם תַּ֚חַת הָֽאַלָּ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּמִקְדַּ֥שׁ יְהֹוָֽה

יֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוֹשֻׁ֜עַ אֶל־כָּל־הָעָ֗ם הִנֵּ֨ה הָאֶ֚בֶן הַזֹּאת֙ תִּֽהְיֶה־בָּ֣נוּ לְעֵדָ֔ה כִּי־הִ֣יא שָֽׁמְעָ֗ה אֵ֚ת כָּל־אִמְרֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֶּ֖ר עִמָּ֑נוּ וְהָֽיְתָ֚ה בָכֶם֙ לְעֵדָ֔ה פֶּֽן־תְּכַֽחֲשׁ֖וּן בֵּאלֹֽהֵיכֶֽם

Joshua 24:25-27   יהושע כד:כה-כז


Samuel the prophet also bears witness to the ROCK אבן.

“And Samuel took one stone, and placed it between Mizpah and the peak Shen, and he called name of the ROCK Ebenezer, for he said, “Behold, the Lord has helped us.”

וַיִּקַּ֨ח שְׁמוּאֵ֜ל אֶ֣בֶן אַחַ֗ת וַיָּ֚שֶׂם בֵּֽין־הַמִּצְפָּה֙ וּבֵ֣ין הַשֵּׁ֔ן וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמָ֖הּ אֶ֣בֶן הָעָ֑זֶר וַיֹּאמַ֕ר עַד־הֵ֖נָּה עֲזָרָ֥נוּ יְהֹוָֽה

I Samuel 7:12  שמואל א ז:יב0


When Solomon שלומו built the First Temple in Jerusalem, he laid the foundation היסוד with precious stones, and garnished it with the precious rocks that David דוד his father had laid up for him for the building of the Temple בית המקדש.  These stones were like the stones in the breastplate of Aaron החשן.

“Then King David said to the entire assembly, “My son Solomon, whom God alone has chosen, is young and tender, and the work is great, for the palace is not for man, but for the Lord God.

And with all my strength I prepared for the House of my God, the gold for the [things of] gold, the silver for the [things of] silver, the copper for the [things of] copper, the iron for the [things of] iron, and the wood for the [things of] wood, onyx stones and filling stones, carbuncle stones and embroidery, and all precious stones and marble stones in abundance.”.

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֚יד הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְכָל־הַקָּהָ֔ל שְׁלֹמֹ֨ה בְנִ֧י אֶחָ֛ד בָּחַר־בּ֥וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים נַ֣עַר וָרָ֑ךְ וְהַמְּלָאכָ֣ה גְדוֹלָ֔ה כִּ֣י לֹ֚א לְאָדָם֙ הַבִּירָ֔ה כִּ֖י לַֽיהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהִֽים

וּכְכָל־כֹּחִ֞י הֲכִינ֣וֹתִי לְבֵֽית־אֱלֹהַ֗י הַזָּהָ֣ב לַ֠זָּהָב וְהַכֶּ֨סֶף לַכֶּ֜סֶף וְהַנְּחֹ֣שֶׁת לַנְּחֹ֗שֶׁת הַבַּרְזֶל֙ לַבַּרְזֶ֔ל וְהָֽעֵצִ֖ים לָֽעֵצִ֑ים אַבְנֵי־שֹׁ֨הַם וּמִלּוּאִ֜ים אַבְנֵי־פ֣וּךְ וְרִקְמָ֗ה וְכֹ֨ל אֶ֧בֶן יְקָרָ֛ה וְאַבְנֵי־שַׁ֖יִשׁ לָרֹֽב

I Chronicles 29:1-2  דברי הימים א כט:א-ב

“And it was in the four hundred and eightieth year after the departure of the children of Israel from Egypt, in the fourth year, in the month Ziv, which is the second month of Solomon’s reign over Israel, when he began  to build the house of the Lord.

All these were of precious stones, according to the measures of hewn stones, sawed with saws within and without; and from the foundation up the coping, and from the outside until the great court.

And the foundation was of precious stones, great stones; stones of ten cubits and stones of eight cubits.”

וַיְהִ֣י בִשְׁמוֹנִ֣ים שָׁנָ֣ה וְאַרְבַּ֣ע מֵא֣וֹת שָׁנָ֡ה לְצֵ֣את בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל מֵאֶֽרֶץ־מִצְרַיִם֩ בַּשָּׁנָ֨ה הָרְבִיעִ֜ית בְּחֹ֣דֶשׁ זִ֗ו הוּא הַחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִ֔י לִמְלֹ֥ךְ שְׁלֹמֹ֖ה עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיִּ֥בֶן הַבַּ֖יִת לַיהֹוָֽה

 כל־אֵ֜לֶּה אֲבָנִ֚ים יְקָרֹת֙ כְּמִדּ֣וֹת גָּזִ֔ית מְגֹרָר֥וֹת בַּמְּגֵרָ֖ה מִבַּ֣יִת וּמִח֑וּץ וּמִמַּסָּד֙ עַד־הַטְּפָח֔וֹת וּמִח֖וּץ עַד־הֶחָצֵ֥ר הַגְּדוֹלָֽה

וּמְיֻסָּ֕ד אֲבָנִ֥ים יְקָר֖וֹת אֲבָנִ֣ים גְּדֹל֑וֹת אַבְנֵי֙ עֶ֣שֶׂר אַמּ֔וֹת וְאַבְנֵ֖י שְׁמֹנֶ֥ה אַמּֽוֹת

I Kings 6:1, 7:9-10 מלכים א ו:א, ז:ט-י

“And Solomon commenced to build the House of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where He had appeared to his father David, which he had prepared in David’s place, in the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.

And he commenced to build in the second month, in the second, in the fourth year of his reign.

And he overlaid, garnished the House with precious stones for glory, and the gold was the gold of Parvaim.”

וַיָּ֣חֶל שְׁלֹמֹ֗ה לִבְנ֚וֹת אֶת־בֵּֽית־יְהֹוָה֙ בִּירֽוּשָׁלִַ֔ם בְּהַר֙ הַמּ֣וֹרִיָּ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר נִרְאָ֖ה לְדָוִ֣יד אָבִ֑יהוּ אֲשֶׁ֚ר הֵכִין֙ בִּמְק֣וֹם דָּוִ֔יד בְּגֹ֖רֶן אָרְנָ֥ן הַיְבוּסִֽי

וַ֠יָּחֶל לִבְנ֞וֹת בַּחֹ֚דֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי֙ בַּשֵּׁנִ֔י בִּשְׁנַ֥ת אַרְבַּ֖ע לְמַלְכוּתֽוֹ

ווַיְצַ֧ף אֶת־הַבַּ֛יִת אֶ֥בֶן יְקָרָ֖ה לְתִפְאָ֑רֶת וְהַזָּהָ֖ב זְהַ֥ב פַּרְוָֽיִם

II Chronicles 3:1-2,6   דברי הימים ב ג:א-ב


The stones in the foundation of the New Jerusalem in the Last Days are the same kind of precious stones that were in the breastplate חשן of Aaron the High Priest.אהרון הכהן הגדול.

“O afflicted and tossed with the tempest, and not comforted,, behold I will set your stones with carbuncle, and I will lay your foundations with sapphires.

And I will make your windows of jasper and your gates of carbuncle stones, and all your border (wall) of precious stones”.

עֲנִיָּ֥ה סֹֽעֲרָ֖ה לֹ֣א נֻחָ֑מָה הִנֵּ֨ה אָנֹכִ֜י מַרְבִּ֚יץ בַּפּוּךְ֙ אֲבָנַ֔יִך וִֽיסַדְתִּ֖יךְ בַּסַּפִּירִֽים

וְשַׂמְתִּ֚י כַּֽדְכֹד֙ שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֔יִךְ וּשְׁעָרַ֖יִךְ לְאַבְנֵ֣י אֶקְדָּ֑ח וְכָל־גְּבוּלֵ֖ךְ לְאַבְנֵי־חֵֽפֶץ

Isaiah 54:11-12   ישעיה נד:יא-יב

“And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven of God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.

And the building of the wall thereof was jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto pure glass.

The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;

the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst.”

וָאֵרֶא וְהִנֵּה הָעִיר הַקְּדוֹשָׁה יְרוּשָׁלַיִם הַחֲדָשָׁה יורֶדֶת מֵאֵת הָאֱלהִים מִן־הַשָּׁמָיִם וְהִיא מְתֻקֶּנֶת כַּכַּלָּה הַמְקֻשֶּׁטֶת לְבַעְלָהּ

וּבִנְיַן חוֹמַת הָעִיר אֶבֶן יָשְׁפֶה וְהָעִיר זָהָב מוּפָז דּוֹמֶה לִזְכוֹכִית זַכָּה

וּמוֹסְדוֹת חוֹמַת הָעִיר מֻרְבָּצוֹת בְּכָל־אַבְנֵי חֵפֶץ הַמּוֹסָד הָרִאשׁוֹן יָשְׁפֶה הַשֵּׁנִי סַפִּיר הַשְּׁלִישִׁי שְׁבוֹ הָרְבִיעִי בָּרָקֶת

הַחֲמִישִׁי יַהֲלׂם הַשִּׁשִּׁי אׂדֶם הַשְּׁבִיעִי תַרְשִׁישׁ הַשְּׁמִינִי שׁׂהַם הַתְּשִׁיעִי פִטְדָה הָעֲשִׂירִי נופֶךְ אַחַד הֶעָשָׂר לֶשֶׁם שְׁנֵים הֶעָשָׂר אַחְלָמָה

HASHEM laid a foundation stone in Zion.  This ROCK EVEN אבן .is the Messiah Ben David. המשיח בן דוד.

“Therefore, thus has the Lord God said: “Behold, I have laid a foundation a ROCK  EVEN אבן in Zion, a fortress stone, a costly and precious cornerstone, a foundation well founded MOSSAD מוסד; the believer shall not make haste.”

לָכֵ֗ן כֹּ֚ה אָמַר֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהֹוִ֔ה הִנְנִ֛י יִסַּ֥ד בְּצִיּ֖וֹן אָ֑בֶן אֶ֣בֶן בֹּ֜חַן פִּנַּ֚ת יִקְרַת֙ מוּסָ֣ד מוּסָּ֔ד הַמַּֽאֲמִ֖ין לֹ֥א יָחִֽישׁ

Isaiah 28:16   ישעיה כח:טז

This ROCK אבן is a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.  It is the Messiah Yeshua המשיח ישוע, the Messiah, the Son of David המשיח בן דוד.


“The Lord of Hosts-Him shall you fear, and He is your fear, and He shall be your dread..

And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a ROCK TSUR צור of stumbling and for a ROCK EVEN אבן of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a trap and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

And many shall stumble on it, and fall, and be broken, and be trapped, and be caught.”

אֶת־יְהֹוָ֥ה צְבָא֖וֹת אֹת֣וֹ תַקְדִּ֑ישׁוּ וְה֥וּא מוֹרַֽאֲכֶ֖ם וְה֥וּא מַֽעֲרִיצְכֶֽם

וְהָיָ֖ה לְמִקְדָּ֑שׁ וּלְאֶ֣בֶן נֶ֠גֶף וּלְצ֨וּר מִכְשׁ֜וֹל לִשְׁנֵ֨י בָתֵּ֚י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לְפַ֣ח וּלְמוֹקֵ֔שׁ לְיוֹשֵׁ֖ב יְרֽוּשָׁלִָֽם

וְכָ֥שְׁלוּ בָ֖ם רַבִּ֑ים וְנָֽפְל֣וּ וְנִשְׁבָּ֔רוּ וְנֽוֹקְשׁ֖וּ וְנִלְכָּֽדוּ

Isaiah 8:13-15   ישעיה ח:יג-טו

This ROCK EVEN אבן was rejected by the builders, but HASHEM made Yeshua the Messiah  ישוע המשיח the cornerstone of the Temple ראש פינה when HASHEM raised him from the dead. תחיה מן המתים. 

“The ROCK EVEN אבן that the builders rejected

 Became the cornerstone ראש פנה.

This was from the Lord; it is wondrous in our eyes.”

אֶבֶן מָֽאֲס֣וּ הַבּוֹנִ֑ים הָֽ֜יְתָ֗ה לְרֹ֣אשׁ פִּנָּֽה

מֵאֵ֣ת יְ֖הֹוָה הָ֥יְתָה זֹּ֑את הִ֖יא נִפְלָ֣את בְּעֵינֵֽינוּ

Psalm 118:22-23   תהלים קיח:כב-כג

“For You shall not leave my soul in hell;

You shall not allow Your holy one to see corruption..”

כִּי לֹא־תַעֲזֹב נַפְשִׁי לִשְׁאוֹל

 לֹא־תִתֵּן חֲסִידְךָ לִרְאוֹת שָׁחַת

Psalm 16:10  תהלים טז:י

The Prophet Zechariah identifies this ROCK אבן cornerstone ראש הפינה as the Messiah the Son of David המשיח בן דוד.

“Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, you and your fellows that sit before you; for they are men that are a sign to be wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the Branch.

For, behold, the ROCK EVEN אבן that I have set before Joshua; upon one ROCK EVEN אבן are seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving on it, says the Lord of Hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

On that day, says the Lord of Hosts, you shall call-each man to his neighbor-to come under his vine and under his fig tree.”

שְֽׁמַע־נָ֞א יְהוֹשֻׁ֣עַ  הַכֹּהֵ֣ן הַגָּד֗וֹל אַתָּה֙ וְרֵעֶ֙יךָ֙ הַיֹּֽשְׁבִ֣ים לְפָנֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־אַנְשֵׁ֥י מוֹפֵ֖ת הֵ֑מָּה כִּֽי־הִנְנִ֥י מֵבִ֛יא אֶת־עַבְדִּ֖י צֶֽמַח

כִּ֣י הִנֵּ֣ה הָאֶ֗בֶן אֲשֶׁ֚ר נָתַ֙תִּי֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ עַל־אֶ֥בֶן אַחַ֖ת שִׁבְעָ֣ה עֵינָ֑יִם הִֽנְנִ֧י מְפַתֵּ֣חַ פִּתֻּחָ֗הּ נְאֻם֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֔וֹת וּמַשְׁתִּ֛י אֶת־עֲו‍ֹ֥ן הָאָֽרֶץ־הַהִ֖יא בְּי֥וֹם אֶחָֽד

בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא נְאֻם֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֔וֹת תִּקְרְא֖וּ אִ֣ישׁ לְרֵעֵ֑הוּ אֶל־תַּ֥חַת גֶּ֖פֶן וְאֶל־תַּ֥חַת תְּאֵנָֽה

Zechariah 3:8-10  זכריה ג:ח-י

These eyes are the eyes of HASHEM that go throughout the whole earth to see whose heart is perfect toward Him, whose heart trusts in the Messiah המשיח.

“For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth,

 to show Himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward Him”

כִּי יְהוָה עֵינָיו מְשֹׁטְטוֹת בְּכָל-הָאָרֶץ

לְהִתְחַזֵּק עִם-לְבָבָם שָׁלֵם אֵלָיו

II Chronicles 16:9   דברי הימים ב  טזג:ט

“My eyes are upon the faithful of the land that they may dwell with me:

 He who walks in a perfect way, he it is who shall minister to me.”

עֵינַי בְּנֶאֶמְנֵי־אֶרֶץ לָשֶׁבֶת עִמָּדִי

הֹלֵךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ תָּמִים הוּא יְשָׁרְתֵנִי

Psalm 101:6 תהלים קא:ו

“May evil destroy the wicked, and may You establish the righteous,

 for the righteous God tests the hearts and the reins.”

יִגְמָר־נָ֬א רַ֨ע  רְשָׁעִים֘ וּתְכוֹנֵ֪ן

צַ֫דִּ֥יק וּבֹחֵ֣ן לִ֖בּוֹת וּכְלָי֗וֹת אֱלֹהִ֥ים צַדִּֽיק:

Psalm 7:10  תהלים ז:י

“The Lord looks from heaven; He sees all the sons of men.

From His dwelling place He oversees all the inhabitants of the earth.

Behold the eye of the Lord is upon those who fear Him,

 upon those who hope in His mercy.,”

מִשָּׁמַיִם הִבִּ֣יט יְהֹוָ֑ה רָ֜אָ֗ה אֶת־כָּל־בְּנֵ֥י הָאָדָֽם

מִֽמְּכֽוֹן־שִׁבְתּ֥וֹ הִשְׁגִּ֑יחַ אֶ֖ל כָּל־יֹֽשְׁבֵ֣י הָאָֽרֶץ

הִנֵּ֚ה עֵ֣ין יְ֖הֹוָה אֶל־יְרֵאָ֑יו לַֽמְיַֽחֲלִ֥ים לְחַסְדּֽוֹ

Psalm 33:13-14,18  תהלים לג:יג-יד,יח



The Prophet Daniel further identifies this ROCK אבן as the Messiah the Son of David המשיח בן דוד. This is Yeshua ישוע who will return to break into pieces the Gentile Nations, and set up the kingdom of HASHEM over Israel and all the nations of the world, even to the ends of the earth.

 “You were watching intently, and as you were watching, a ROCK EVEN אבן was cut out without hands, which struck with great force the image upon its feet that were made out of iron and clay, and broke them into pieces.

Then the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, was broken into pieces all together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing-floors; and the wind carried them away, so that no place was found for them: and the ROCK EVEN אבן that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.”

“And in the days of those kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed, nor shall the sovereignty thereof be left to another people; but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

Forasmuch as you saw that a ROCK EVEN אבן was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it smashed into pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold: the great God has made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter,: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation of it is sure.”

חָזֵ֣ה הֲוַ֗יְתָ עַ֠ד דִּ֣י הִתְגְּזֶ֚רֶת אֶ֙בֶן֙ דִּי־לָ֣א בִידַ֔יִן וּמְחָ֚ת לְצַלְמָא֙ עַל־רַגְל֔וֹהִי דִּ֥י פַרְזְלָ֖א וְחַסְפָּ֑א וְהַדֶּ֖קֶת הִמּֽוֹן

בֵּאדַ֣יִן דָּ֣קוּ כַֽחֲדָ֡ה פַּרְזְלָא֩ חַסְפָּ֨א נְחָשָׁ֜א כַּסְפָּ֣א וְדַֽהֲבָ֗א וַֽהֲווֹ֙ כְּע֣וּר מִן־אִדְּרֵי־קַ֔יִט וּנְשָׂ֚א הִמּוֹן֙ רוּחָ֔א וְכָל־אֲתַ֖ר לָֽא־הִשְׁתְּכַ֣ח לְה֑וֹן וְאַבְנָ֣א דִּֽי־מְחָ֣ת לְצַלְמָ֗א הֲוַ֛ת לְט֥וּר רַ֖ב וּמְלָ֥את כָּל־אַרְעָֽא

וּבְיֽוֹמֵיה֞וֹן דִּ֧י מַלְכַיָּ֣א אִנּ֗וּן יְקִים֩ אֱלָ֨הּ שְׁמַיָּ֚א מַלְכוּ֙ דִּ֚י לְעָֽלְמִין֙ לָ֣א תִתְחַבַּ֔ל וּמַ֨לְכוּתָ֔ה לְעַ֥ם אָֽחֳרָ֖ן לָ֣א תִשְׁתְּבִ֑ק תַּדִּ֚ק וְתָסֵף֙ כָּל־אִלֵּ֣ין מַלְכְּוָתָ֔א וְהִ֖יא תְּק֥וּם לְעָֽלְמַיָּֽא

כָּל־קֳבֵ֣ל דִּֽי־חֲזַ֡יְתָ דִּ֣י מִטּוּרָא֩ אִתְגְּזֶ֨רֶת אֶ֜בֶן דִּי־לָ֣א בִידַ֗יִן וְ֠הַדֶּקֶת פַּרְזְלָ֨א נְחָשָׁ֚א חַסְפָּא֙ כַּסְפָּ֣א וְדַֽהֲבָ֔א אֱלָ֥הּ רַב֙ הוֹדַ֣ע לְמַלְכָּ֔א מָ֛ה דִּ֥י לֶֽהֱוֵ֖א אַֽחֲרֵ֣י דְנָ֑ה וְיַצִּ֥יב חֶלְמָ֖א וּמְהֵימַ֥ן פִּשְׁרֵֽהּ

Daniel 2:34-35, 44-45  דניאל ב:גד-גה,מד-מה

The revelation and the interpretation by Daniel דניאל of the dream of the king of Babylon concurs with the prophecy of the Psalmist King David דוד המלף concerning his son the Messiah המשיח.

“The Lord will send rod of your might from Zion;

 Rule in the midst of your enemies.

The Lord is on your right hand.

He has smashed kings on the day of His wrath.

He will execute justice upon the nations

He will fill the places with dead bodies.

 They have become a heap of corpses.

 He smashed the head that was over a great land.

From the river on the way he will drink;

 Therefore, he will lift up his head.”

מַטֵּ֚ה עֻזְּךָ֗ יִשְׁלַ֣ח יְ֖הֹוָה מִצִיּ֑וֹן

רְ֜דֵ֗ה בְּקֶ֣רֶב אֹֽיְבֶֽיךָ

 אֲדֹנָ֥י עַל־יְמִֽינְךָ֑

מָחַ֖ץ בְּיוֹם־אַפּ֣וֹ מְלָכִֽים

יָדִ֣ין בַּ֖גּוֹיִם מָלֵ֣א גְוִיּ֑וֹת

 מָ֥חַץ רֹ֜֗אשׁ עַל־אֶ֥רֶץ רַבָּֽה

מִנַּחַל בַּדֶּ֣רֶךְ יִשְׁתֶּ֑ה עַל־כֵּ֜֗ן יָרִ֥ים רֹֽאשׁ

Psalm 110:2,5-7  תהלים קי:ב,ה-ז


Now that Israel ישראל has become a nation in the world,

and the Dispersion הגלות is ending,

the Messiah Yeshua המשיח ישוע,

the ROCK, the EVEN, the SELA, the TSUR   האבן הסלע הצור 

is returning to judge the nations, the goiim,

to set up the kingdom of David מלכות דוד,

 and to rule the entire earth.

This is the rule of HASHEM over Israel,

and over all the gentile nations…

 “And with righteousness shall he judge the poor,

 and decide with equity for the meek of the earth;

and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth;

and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.”

וְשָׁפַט בְּצֶדֶק דַּלִּים

 וְהוֹכִיחַ בְּמִישׁוֹר לְעַנְוֵי־אָרֶץ

 וְהִכָּה־אֶרֶץ בְּשֵׁבֶט פִּיו

 וּבְרוּחַ שְׂפָתָיו יָמִית רָשָׁע

Isaiah 11:4  ישעיה יא:ד

“Say among the nations, The Lord reigns:

The world also is established that it cannot be moved:

He will judge the peoples with equity.

Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice;

Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof;

Let the field exult, and all that is therein;

Then shall all the trees of the forest sing for joy

 Before the Lord;

For He comes, for He comes to judge the earth:

He will judge the world with righteousness,

And the peoples with His faith.”

אִמְרוּ בַגּוֹיִם יְהוָה מָלָךְ

 אַף־תִּכּוֹן תֵּבֵל בַּל־תִּמּוֹט

 יָדִין עַמִּים בְּמֵישָׁרִים

יִשְׂמְחוּ הַשָּׁמַיִם וְתָגֵל הָאָרֶץ יִרְעַם הַיָּם וּמְלֹאוֹ

יַעֲלֹז שָׂדַי וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ

 אָז יְרַנְּנוּ כָּל־עֲצֵי־יָעַר

לִפְנֵי יְהוָה כִּי בָא כִּי בָא לִשְׁפֹּט הָאָרֶץ

 יִשְׁפֹּט־תֵּבֵל בְּצֶדֶק וְעַמִּים בֶּאֱמוּנָתוֹ

Psalm 96:10-13  תהלים צו:י-יג

“God be merciful unto us, and bless us,

And cause His face to shine upon us. Selah

That your way may be known upon earth,

Your Yeshua among all nations.

Let the peoples praise you, O God; Let all the peoples praise you.

Oh let the nations be glad and sing for joy;

For you will judge the peoples with equity,

And govern the nations upon earth. Selah

Let the peoples praise you, O God; Let all the peoples praise you.

The earth shall yield its increase.

God, even our own God, will bless us.

God will bless us.

 And all the ends of the earth shall fear him.”

אֱלֹהִים יְחָנֵּנוּ וִיבָרְכֵנוּ

 יָאֵר פָּנָיו אִתָּנוּ סֶלָה

לָדַעַת בָּאָרֶץ דַּרְכֶּךָ

בְּכָל־גּוֹיִם יְשׁוּעָתֶך

יוֹדוּךָ עַמִּים אֱלֹהִים יוֹדוּךָ עַמִּים כֻּלָּם

יִשְׂמְחוּ וִירַנְּנוּ לְאֻמִּים

כי־תִשְׁפֹּט עַמִּים מִישׁוֹר

 וּלְאֻמִּים בָּאָרֶץ תַּנְחֵם סֶלָהָ

יוֹדוּךָ עַמִּים אֱלֹהִים יוֹדוּךָ עַמִּים כֻּלָּם

אֶרֶץ נָתְנָה יְבוּלָהּ

יְבָרְכֵנוּ אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֵינוּ

יְבָרְכֵנוּ אֱלֹהִים

 וְיִירְאוּ אֹתוֹ כָּל־אַפְסֵי־אָרֶץ

Psalm 67  תהלים סז